Elizabeth Bathory–cel mai scump film din Europa Centrala

IMDB Bathory (2008) Bathory is based on the legends surrounding the life and deeds of Countess Elizabeth Bathory known as the greatest murderess in the history of mankind. Contrary to popular belief, Elizabeth Bathory was a modern Renaissance woman who ultimately fell victim to mens aspirations for power and wealth.

mediafax.ro/bathory-cel-mai-scump-film-din-europa-centrala-lansat-la-praga un buget de 12 milioane de euro

www.garbo.ro/Elizabeth-Bathory-contesa-monstru-de-care-s-a-ingrozit-istoria

Adevarul despre Elizabeth Bathory este poate chiar mai ciudat si intrigant decat toate legendele, speculatiile si miturile populare infioratoare care s-au nascut in jurul ei. Contesa a fost una dintre cele mai crude, de temut si sangeroase personalitati ale tuturor timpurilor si un criminal in serie atat de feroce cum rar se consemneaza in istorie.

Realitatea nu este intotdeauna numai lapte si miere asa cum ne-am dori. Istoria are si pagini mai putin curate. Istoria are si modelele ei negative, antieroii a caror viata ne fac sa ne apreciem si mai mult eroii si ne inspira in crearea povestilor de groaza. Oamenii nu sunt intotdeauna ceea ce par. Dincolo de un chip frumos si de o educatie aleasa, dincolo de aura de delicatete si fragilitate degajata de statutul de femeie, sub aparenta mastilor si a intrigilor politice, a pozitiei sociale sau a dorintei de a da uitarii faptele, exista fapte care cutremura prin malitiozitatea si cruzimea lor, exista comportamente care nu pot decat sa iti provoaca fiori pe sira spinarii. Se spune despre fascinanta si temuta contesa Elizabeth Bathory ca a fost una dintre cele mai crude si sangeroase personalitati ale tuturor timpurilor si un criminal in serie atat de feroce cum rar se consemneaza. Si s-ar putea ca totul sa fie adevarat…

Elizabeth Báthory, contesa-monstru de care s-a ingrozit istoria...Elizabeth Báthory, contesa-monstru de care s-a ingrozit istoria...elizabeth1-shyla

Istoria nu se bazeaza insa pe legende cusute cu fir de minciuna si povesti de adormit copiii, are nevoie de fapte, dovezi, de realitate, de evenimente care au avut loc in timp si fapt. Adevarul despre Elizabeth Bathory este poate chiar mai ciudat si intrigant decat toate legendele, speculatiile si miturile populare infioratoare care s-au nascut in jurul ei. Cu siguranta ca Elizabeth Bathory nu a fost femeia vampir ce sugea sangele oamenilor si nici femeia canibal ce isi potolea foame cu carne proaspata de om, poate ca inclinatiile sale sexuale sunt incerte, poate ca practicile sale de magie si tehnicile cu care isi tortura victimele sunt doar un mit, insa mai mult ca sigura ca in numele dorintelor sale a curs mai mult sange decat i-a fost dat vreunei fiinte umane sa verse. Marturiile victimelor care i-au supravietuit dovedesc acest lucru, cadavrele si ramasitele umane mutilate gasite pe proprietatile din jurul castelului in care locuia contesa reprezinta fara doar si poate o dovada imposibil de contestat.

Ar fi putut avea totul…

Ce cuvinte neexagerate, “la limita normalitatii” ar putea fi spuse despre Elizabeth Bathory pentru a o pune si intr-o lumina favorabila inainte de a arunca asupra ei stigmatul de “femeie monstru”? Elizabeth Bathory a fost si mama, avand un baiat si 3 fete (alti 2 copii ai sai au murit la varsta infantila). Din scrisorile cu valoare documentara datand din acea perioada reiese ca Elizabeth se folosea frecvent de puterea sa pentru a interveni in favoarea vaduvelor de razboi din Ungaria aflate in pragul unei saracii cumplite. Ceea ce o face cu adevarat cea mai interesanta si “de neinteles” femeie din istorie este faptul ca era o femeie frumoasa, talentata, extrem de inteligenta, instruita si culta, o persoana care avea totul si… societatea acelei vremi la picioare pentru a fi daca nu fericita, atunci cel putin multumita. Intr-un timp in care multi dintre nobili erau iliterati (chiar si barbatii despre care se presupunea ca sunt mai scoliti decat femeile), tanara contesa era capabila sa converseze ireprosabil in 3 limbi; limba maghiara, latina si greaca, beneficiind totodata de o educatie aleasa.

Mai mult, Elizabeth Báthory (Erzsébet Báthory) s-a nascut in august 1560 in sanul uneia dintre cele mai nobile, vechi, influente si bogate familii din Ungaria. Rudele sale beneficiau de putere sociala si politica – in familie existau mai multi printi, un cardinal, un var care prim-ministru al Ungariei. O alta ruda faimoasa era Istvan (Stefan Bathory), print al Transilvaniei, duce de Lituania si ulterior rege al Poloniei.

Omeneste vorbind, avea totul: tinerete, frumusete, avere. Insa pronia cereasca a uitat sa adauge si alte ingrediente vitale pentru a putea fi fericit: iubire, armonie, bunatate. Elizabeth a fost crescuta astfel incat temperamentul sau rece, impulsiv si crud sa avanseze treptat spre stadiile supreme ale rautatii. Personalitatea sa s-a dezvoltat intr-un mediu din care nu erau excluse comportamentele sexuale deviante, lesbianismul, libertinismul sexual si nici practicile de magie neagra si satanism. Inclinatiile sale spre promiscuitate manifestate de la o varsta destul de frageda au fost incurajate de personajele din jurul sau. La numai 14 ani, jucandu-se de-a dragostea cu baiatul unor tarani ramane insarcinata, insa copilul nascut ii este luat si dat spre crestere parintilor baiatului.

Fetita fiind, era egoista si de o insensibilitate iesita din comun, asistand cu mult sange rece la scenele brutale de justitie pe care cei din familia sa le aplicau servitorilor care comiteau greseli. O anecdota populara descrie un incident in care un sarac acuzat de furt a fost cusut in pantecul unui cal pe moarte si lasat sa moara, fiindu-i lasat doar capul afara. Se spune ca la varsta de 4-5 ani suferea de convulsii insotite de scurte accese de furie si de pierderi are control, ceea ce ar fi putut trada fie epilepsie, fie afectiuni neurologice, fie alta boala ce ar putea justifica comportamentul psihotic si deviant de mai tarziu.

La varsta de 11 ani, Elizabeth este promisa lui Ferenc Nasdy, razboinic renumit caruia i se prezicea o glorioasa cariera militara, chiar daca nu era tocmai un om erudit. La 15 ani se marita cu Ferenc Nasdy, de acum inainte contele urmand sa-i poarte numele. Casatoria celor doi s-a dovedit a fi, asa cum se presupunea, o afacere profitabila. Cu timpul, bogatia lor atinge un nivel atat de mare incat pana si regele Ungariei, Mathias al II-lea, din cauza costurilor ridicate ale razboiului, a imprumutat sume imense de bani de la cei doi soti. Contele si-a dorit razboiul, preferand campul de batalie unei vieti domestice. “Eroul negru al Ungariei” a facut sa curga mult sange pe campul de lupta. La fel insa si sotia sa. Ramasa singura la castelul Csejthe (Cachtice), aflat in vechiul regat al Ungariei (astazi teritoriu al Slovaciei) unde locuia, contesa a inceput sa-si viziteze matusa, contesa Karla Bathory. Despre matusa se spune era lesbiana si ca, impreuna, au luat parte la mai multe orgii cu femei…

Oglinzi, sange de om si… obsesia mortala a unei frumuseti eterne

Ce anume ai face pentru frumusetea ta? Pana unde ai fi dispusa sa mergi? Ti-ai plati propria frumusete cu un pret atat de mare… pretul vietii altora? Pana unde poate ajunge obsesia frumusetii eterne? Pana la varsarea de sange… Pana aici. Elizabeth Bathory a mers insa maideparte. Prea departe. Fara limite. Pana la nebunie si dementa. Pana la crima… Crime odioase comise in numele unei tinereti imposibile…

Se spune depre contesa Bathory ca era o femeie extrem de vanitoasa si de o frumusete deosebita (desi nicio persoana traind in acea perioada nu ar fi indraznit sa afirme contrariul despre o persoana de origine atat de inalta). In unele documente istorice este descrisa drept o persoana cu cosite lungi, de un negru abanos si o piele alba ca lapte, cu un trup voluptos, cu ochi de culoarea chihlimbarului ce straluceau noaptea precum ochii de pisica. Obisnuia sa se imbrace cu gust, fastuos, dupa moda si eticheta vremii, pe masura numelui sau sonor, scotand in evidenta ceea ce avea mai frumos. Intreaga existenta a lui Elisabeth a stat insa sub semnul narcisismului. Obisnuia sa se priveasca vreme indelungata in oglinda si era obsedata de propria imagine. Imbatranirea este insa inevitabila, iar cosmeticele vremii nu au putut stopa aparitia ridurilor.

Pe masura ce imbatranea si zi dupa zi frumusetea si prospetimea sa incepea sa se vestejeasca, atingand varsta de 40 de ani, Elizabeth devenea din ce in ce mai geloasa si invidioasa pe frumusetea si fragezimea pielii fetelor tinere care serveau la curtea sa. Si cu cat se inconjura mai mult de femei tinere, cu atat mai rea, mai cruda, mai sadica devenea. Era capricioasa, superficiala si niciodata nu puteai sa ii intuiesti starile de spirit. Orice greseala din partea servitorilor, cat de mica, era pedepsita fara mila, prin torturi bizarre, printr-o ingeniozitate si un machiavelism care nu puteau fi descrise in cuvinte. Oamenii sopteau in colturi ca prin vene nu ii curgea sange, ci rautatea, obsesia pentru frumusete fara de moarte si ca prin gesturile ei vorbeste diavolul…

Nu stim cand s-a privit prima oara Elizabeth in oglinda si a realizat ca frumusetea ei se vestejeste. Nu stim cum a ajuns la concluzia ca sangele pur de fata neprihanita ii poate sterge anii, cruzimea si ridurile inscrise pe fata… desi se spune ca irationalitatea a fost declansata in momentul in care i-a adresat o palma uneia dintre slujnicele care o pieptana si sangele a indraznit sa tasneasca pe nas… Poate a fost de vina lumina inselatoare caci privindu-se in oglinda a observat ca sangele are un efect miraculos si ca acolo unde i-a atins pielea ridurile au disparut. Nu se stie daca l-a vazut ca pe un miracol, revelatie sau o promisiune de vesnica tinerete si frumusete. Nu se stie cat adevar exista in speculatiile conform carora contesa se folosea de un mecanism bizar numit “iron maiden” (fecioara de metal) pentru a stoarce sangele din trupul fetelor virgine, daca torturile sale erau insotite si de ritualuri de magie neagra, daca obisnuita intr-adevar sa se scalde in sangele acestora sau chiar sa-l bea, daca credea cu adevarat in nemurirea promisa de sange. Anumite fapte, chiar si cele prezentate in istorie drept reale, nu pot fi verificate. Se pare insa ca de aici a inceput totul si ca de acum incolo de sub chipul de femeie-inger a iesit la iveala monstrul…

Fata cruda a istorie: “Doamna sangeroasă din Čachtice” si torturile sale infioratoare

Contesa Bathory isi batea slujnicele, le musca de obraji, fata si gat sau de diferite parti ale corpului pana la sangerare, le mutila si le amputa membrele, le taia degetele cu foarfeca, le ungea trupurile cu miere si le expunea afara insectelor, le infometa pana mureau, le batea, le tortura cu metale incinse, ceara topita, cutite, cuie, ace, le punea sa se dezbrace si sa-si continue activititatile domestice obisnuite sub privirile barbatilor, etc. O slujitoare de la castelul sau a initiat-o in tainele si ritualurile magice. Se spune ca Dorottya Szentes, Darvulia si majordomul pitic Johannes Ujvary ii inlesneau comiterea crimelor, ajutand-o sa gaseasca fecioarele si participand la atrocitati.

Nimic din toate acestea nu i-au adus inapoi tineretea fizica, insa atrocitatile sale au continuat si dupa 1604, dupa moartea sotului sau, atragand atentia autoritatilor vremii, crimele au avut loc pe o perioada de peste 20 de ani. Cu toate incercarile si stradaniile de a apara renumele unei aristocratii iubite, faptele contesei au fost prea izbitoare si evidente ca sa poata fi tinute sub tacere. Au existat in jur de 600 de victime, servitoare, fete umile, fete de taran, dar si fete nobile (610 conform jurnalului contesei, 650 conform altor surse). In ciuda acuzatiilor de vrajitorie, crime si alte atrocitati, gratie pozitiei sale inalte din societate si pentru evitarea unui scandal de proportii, contesa nu a fost nici decapitata, nici spanzurata, nici arsa pe rug. De fapt, Elizabeth nici nu a participat la propriul proces. Nu putini sunt cei care sustin ca multe dintre atrocitatile comise de contesa sunt de fapt un produs al intrigilor politice si al conflictelor pentru putere, rivalitatea dintre familia Bathory si dinastia Habsburgica fiind considerata un potential motiv pentru conspiratiile impotriva-i.

Contesa a fost intemnitata pe viata in propriul castel si izolata in propria camera printr-un zid, nepermitandu-i-se contactul cu nimeni. Moarta vie a fost ingropata in castelul in care planuia cum sa fure tineretile si vietile altora. In august 1614, Elizabeth Bathory a fost gasita moarta in camera sa. Avea 54 de ani. In ciuda tuturor jertfelor de sange, nu mai era nici tanara, nici frumoasa Mainile sale nu au strans in mana nicio cruce. De ce? Poate pentru ca era protestanta, veti spune… Buzele ei nu au rostit nicio rugaciune… De ce? Poate pentru ca nu credea in Dumnezeu, veti raspunde. In mintea ei nu a existat nicio clipa cainta, remuscarile, regretul sau indoiala ca tot ce a facut a fost gresit. Buzele si sufletul ei nu au cerut niciodata iertarea. De ce?… Va las pe voi sa raspundeti unor intrebari in fata carora pana si istoria da perplexa din umeri…

Dana Negoita

http://bathory.org/shyla.html 1575: Age 15, Elizabeth married Count Ferenc , the Count was  26 years of age. While her husband was away Elizabeth’s manservant Thorko introduced her to the occult. Back at the castle, Elizabeth couldn’t tolerate her domineering mother-in-law. The first ten years of their marriage, Elizabeth bore no children because she and Ferenc shared so little time together as he pursued his “career.” Then around 1585, Elizabeth bore a girl whom she named Anna, and over the following nine years gave birth to two more girls, Ursula and Katherina, and in 1598 bore her first and only son, Paul. Judging from letters she wrote to relatives, she was a good wife and protective mother, which was not surprising since nobles usually treated immediate family very differently from the lower servants and peasant classes. 1600: At age 51, Count Ferenc died in battle and thus began Elizabeth’s period of atrocities.

First, she sent her hated mother-in-law away from the Castle. By this time it is thought that she had dabbled into some forms of sorcery, attending rituals that included the sacrificing of horses and other animals. Elizabeth, now 40 years old, grew increasingly vain and she feared the thought of aging as she may lose her beauty. One day a servant girl accidentially pulled her hair while combing it. Elizabeth slapped the girl’s hand so hard she drew blood. The girls blood fell into ELizabeth’s hand and she immediately thought that her skin took on the freshness of her young maid. She believed that she had found the secret of eternal youth. Elizabeth had her major-domo and Thorko strip the maid and then cut her and drain her blood into a huge vat. Elizabeth bathed in it to beautify her entire body.

1600 – 1610: Elizabeth’s henchmen continued to provided Elizabeth with new girls for the blood-draining ritual and her blood baths. Elizabeth went out of her way to see to it that the dead girls were given proper Christian burials by the local Protestant pastor, at least initially. As the body count rose, the pastor refused to perform his duties in this respect, because there were too many girls coming to him from Elizabeth who had died of “unknown and mysterious causes.” Near the end, many bodies were disposed of in haphazard and dangerously conspicuous locations (like nearby fields, wheat silos, the stream running behind the castle, the kitchen vegetable garden, etc.).  But one of her intended victims escaped and told the authorities about what was happening at Castle Cachtice. King Mátyás of Hungary ordered Elizabeth’s own cousin, Count György Thurzo, governor of the province to raid the castle. On December 30, 1610 they raided the castle and they were horrified by the terrible sights. One dead girl in the main room, drained of blood and another alive whose body had been pierced with holes. In the dungeon they discoverd several living girls, some of whose bodies had been pierced several times. Below the castle, they exhumed the bodies of some 50 girls.

1611: A trial was held at Bitcse. Elizabeth, who refused to plead either guilty or innocent, and never appeared in the trial.. At this trial Johannes Ujvary, major-domo, testified that about 37 unmarried girls has been killed, six of whom he had personally recruited to work at the castle. The trial revealed that most of the girls were tortured for weeks or even months. They were cut with scissors, pricked with pins, even prodded with burning irons onto short spikes in a cage hung from the ceiling to provide Bathory with a “blood shower”. Sometimes the two witches tortured these girls, or the Countess did it herself. Elizabeth’s old nurse testified that about 40 girls had been tortured and killed. In fact, Elizabeth killed 612 women – and in her diary, she documented their deaths. A complete transcript of the trial was made at the time and it survices today in Hungary. Of the people involved in these killings, all but Countess Bathory and the two witches were beheaded and cremated. Due to her nobility, Elizabeth was not allowed by law to be executed. The tow accomplices had their fingers torn out and were burned alive. The court never convicted Countess Elizabeth of any crime, however she was put under house arrest. She was sentenced to life imprisonment in her torture chamber and stonemasons were brought to wall up the windows and doors of the with the Countess inside. They left a small hole through which food could be passed. King Mátyás II demanded the death penalty for Elizabeth but because of her cousin, the prime minister, he agreed to an indefinitely delayed sentence, which really meant solitary confinement for life.

1614: On July 31 Elizabeth (age 54) dictated her last will and testament to two cathedral priests from the Esztergom bishopric. She wished that what remained of her family holdings be divided up equally among her children, her son Paul and his descendants were the basic inheritors though. Late in August of the year 1614 one of the countess’s jailers wanted to get a good look at her, since she was still reputedly one of the most beautiful women in Hungary. Peeking through the small aperture in her walled-up cell, he saw her lying face down on the floor. Countess Elizabeth Bathory was dead. Her body was intended to be buried in the church in the town of Cachtice, but the grumbling of local inhabitants found abhorrent the idea of having the “infamous Lady” placed in their town, on hallowed ground no less! Considering this, and the fact that she was “one of the last of the descendants of the Ecsed line of the Bathory family”, her body was placed to the northeastern Hungarian town of Ecsed, the original Bathory family seat.

More Information:

  • All records of Elizabeth were sealed for more than a century, and her name was forbidden to be spoken in Hungarian society.
  • Unlike most females of the time, Elizabeth was well educated and her intelligence surpassed even some of the men of her time. Elizabeth was exceptional, becoming “fluent in Hungarian, Latin, and German… when most Hungarian nobles could not even spell or write…Even the ruling prince of Transylvania at the time was barely literate”(20). Some modern scholars and contemporaries of hers postulated that she may have been insane, thus accounting for her seemingly inconceivable atrocities, but even a brief glance into her past reveals a person fully in control of her faculties.
  • Dracula, created by the Irish author Bram Stoker, was based, albeit loosely, on the Romanian Prince, Vlad Dracula, the Impaler. Raymond T. McNally, who has written four books on the figure of Dracula in history, literature, and vampirism, in his fifth book, “Dracula was a Woman,” presents insights into the fact that Stoker’s Count Dracula was also strongly influenced by the legends of Elizabeth Bathory of Hungary. Why, for example, make a Romanian Prince into a Hungarian Count? Why, if there are no accounts of Vlad Dracula drinking human blood, does blood drinking consume the Dracula of Stoker’s novel, who, contrary to established vampire myth, seems to appear younger after doing so? The answers, of course, lie in examining the story of Countess Elizabeth Bathory.
  • It was largely Slovak servants whom Erzsebet killed, so the name “Csejthe” is only spoken in derision, and she is still called “The Hungarian Whore” in the area.

PS. Mie filmul mi s-a parut o prostie, o romantare penibila in stil american. Costume frumoase, unele senzatii coerente despre epoca, unele fapte istorice, multa confuzie si incoerenta in rest, poveste cusuta cu atza alba care crapa’n in paishpe.

About Alex Imreh

http://www.aleximreh.ro http://www.facebook.com/alex.imreh 0742-669918
This entry was posted in Transilvania, Transylvania and tagged , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s