wiki – The Getae or Gets (Ancient Greek: Γέται, singular Γέτης; Bulgarian: Гети; Romanian: Geţi) are names given to several Thracian tribes inhabiting the regions to either side of the Lower Danube, in what is today northern Bulgaria and southern Romania. Dacians and Getae spoke the same language.
At the close of the 4th century AD, Claudian, court poet to the emperor Honorius and the patrician Stilicho, uses the ethnonym Getae to refer to the Visigoths. During 5th and 6th centuries, several historians and ethnographers (Marcellinus Comes, Orosius, John Lydus, Isidore of Seville, Procopius of Caesarea) used the same ethnonym Getae to name populations invading the Eastern Roman Empire (Goths, Gepids, Kutrigurs, Slavs). For instance, in the third book of the History of the Wars Procopius details: “There were many Gothic nations in earlier times, just as also at the present, but the greatest and most important of all are the Goths, Vandals, Visigoths, and Gepaedes.”
The Getae were considered the same people as the Goths by Jordanes in his Getica written at the middle of the 6th century, identifying their deity Zalmoxis as a Gothic king. Jordanes assumed the earlier testimony of Orosius.
The ninth-century work De Universo of Rabanus Maurus states, “The Massagetae are in origin from the tribe of the Scythians, and are called Massagetae, as if heavy, that is, strong Getae.
Goetes or rather goētes comes from goēteia which is Ancient Greek for witchcraft or wizardry (hence the long-forgotten word goety, for those who know their English). Ancient Greek γοητεία (goitia) means “charm, jugglery” from γόης “sorcerer, wizard”. Γοητεία was a term for witchcraft in Hellenistic magic. Latinized goetia via French goétie was adopted into English as goecie, goety in the 16th century. en.wikipedia.org/Goetia
Translation and Meaning of γοητεία – allurement: γοητεία , θέλγητρο, bewitchment: μαγεία , γοητεία, fascination: μαγεία , γοητεία, mesmerism: υπνωτισμός , γοητεία, sorcery: μαγεία , μαύρη μαγεία , μαγία , γοητεία, spell: βραχύ διάστημα , γοητεία, witchery: μαγεία , γοητεία
Greek γοητεία goēteia “sorcery” refers to a practice which includes the invocation of angels or the evocation of demons, and usage of the term in English largely derives from the 17th-century grimoire The Lesser Key of Solomon, which features an Ars Goetia as its first section. It contains descriptions of the evocation of seventy-two demons, famously edited by Aleister Crowley in 1904 as The Book of the Goetia of Solomon the King.
Herodotus described the Getae as “the most valiant and most just of the Thracians.”
They were the most valiant and just, because they were prophets, hence their name: “goetes.” They believed in the immortality of the soul and that the real life was in the netherworld where the soul, released from the prison of matter and body, merges with the universe. The first vision of heaven already existed among the Getae. For them, death is the beginning of immortality and so they were fearless. Indeed, Herodotus says they practiced immortality. We know from the ancient authors in Alexandria, who worked at the beginning of our era, that it was the Getae priests and prophets that taught the Celtic priests, the Druids, in the lore of immortality.
The Goths – Gothic: *Gut-þiuda, *Gutans; Old Norse: Gutar/Gotar; German: Goten; Latin: Gothi; Greek: Γότθοι, Gótthoi – during the 2nd AD century were installed in Scythia, Dacia and Pannonia. In the 3rd and 4th century raided areas of Eastern Roman Empire & embraced Arianism. In the 5th and 6th centuries they divided into Visigoths (Western Goths) and Ostrogoths (eastern Goths) & founded powerful states, successors of the western Roman rule in Iberia and Italy, after they finished the Western Roman empire.
Another possibility is of course that the name of the “Geats” developed independently from that of the Gutar/Goths. The earliest mention of Geats was possibly made by Ptolemy in the 100’s AD (“doutai” or “goutai”) and in the 500’s by Jordanes (“gauthigoth”) and Prokopios (“gautoi”)
Geats (in Swedish “Götar”), which is what the (original) inhabitants of present-day Götaland/Geatland (originally south of Svealand, and north of the former Danish regions Skåne and Halland) call themselves, derives from a related Proto-Germanic word, *Gautaz (plural *Gautôz).
The word “chariot” comes from Latin carrus, which was a loan from Gaulish. A chariot of war or of triumph was called a car. In Romanian the word for chariot is CAR. Probably the first wheel in the world comes from the Cucuteni culture.
The Romanian word for wheel is ROATA!! – The Sanskrit word for a chariot is rátha- (m.), which is cognate with Avestan raθa- (also m.), and in origin a substantivisation of the adjective Proto-Indo-European*rot-h₂-ó- meaning “having wheels”, with the characteristic accent shift found in Indo-Iranian substantivisations. This adjective is in turn derived from the collective noun *rot-eh₂- “wheels”, continued in Latin rota, which belongs to the noun *rót-o- for “wheel” (from *ret- “to run”) that is also found in Germanic, Celtic and Baltic (Old High German rad n., Old Irish roth m.,Lithuanian rãtas m.).
The horse drawn wheeled vehicle probably originated in Mesopotamia about 3000 BC. The earliest depiction of vehicles in the context of warfare is on the Standard of Ur in southern Mesopotamia, c. 2500 BC. These are more properly called wagons or carts and were still double-axled and pulled by oxen or tamed asses before the introduction of horses c. 2000 BC. The earliest fully developed true chariots known are from the chariot burials of the Andronovo (Timber-Grave) sites of the Sintashta-Petrovka Proto-Indo-Iranian culture in modern Russia and Kazakhstan from around 2000 BC. This culture is at least partially derived from the earlier Yamna culture. It built heavily fortified settlements, engaged in bronze metallurgy on an industrial scale and practiced complex burial rituals reminiscent of Hindu rituals known from the Rigveda and the Avesta. The Sintashta-Petrovka chariot burials yield the earliest spoke-wheeled true chariots. The Andronovo culture over the next few centuries spread across the steppes from the Urals to the Tien Shan, likely corresponding to the time of early Indo-Iranian cultures.